Making use of cocaine can be done in different ways, it can enter the body: through the nose by snorting, and directly into the blood stream by injecting or rubbing it into gums above the teeth. The crystal of crack cocaine is heated in a glass pipe to produce vapors that are absorbed into the blood through the lungs.
People snort cocaine powder for sale through the nose, or they rub it into their gums. Others dissolve the powder and inject it into the bloodstream. Some people inject a combination of cocaine for sale and heroin, called a Speedball.
Another popular method is to smoke cocaine that has been processed to make a rock crystal (also called “freebase cocaine“). The crystal is heated to produce vapors that are inhaled into the lungs. This form of cocaine powder is called crack, which refers to the crackling sound of the rock as it’s heated. Some people also smoke crack by sprinkling it on marijuana or tobacco, and smoke it like a cigarette.
People who use cocaine often take it in binges taking the drug repeatedly within a short time, at increasingly higher doses to maintain their high.
How can excess use of cocaine lead to an overdose and how can it be treated?
There is no specific medication that can reverse a cocaine overdose. Management involves supportive care and depends on the symptoms present. For instance, because uncut cocaine overdose often leads to a heart attack, stroke, or seizure, first responders and emergency room doctors try to treat the overdose by treating these conditions, with the intent of:
- restoring blood flow to the heart (heart attack)
- restoring oxygen-rich blood supply to the affected part of the brain (stroke)
- stopping the seizure.
- How can people get treatment for cocaine addiction?
Behavioral therapy may be used to treat addiction. Examples include:
- cognitive-behavioral therapy
- contingency management or motivational incentives providing rewards to patients who remain substance free
- therapeutic communities drug-free residences in which people in recovery from substance use disorders help each other to understand and change their behaviors
- community based recovery groups, such as 12-step programs